Covered area: 790,635 acres
Established: National monument, 1936; National Park, 1994
Visitors: 2, 025, 756 annually
This park is within an hour from Palm Spring and 3 hour from LA. It’s altitude is around 4,500 feet. With much desert land, it can be rather hot during summer and much cooler at night. Temperature from here change greatly from daytime to midnight, it’s usually vary about 40 degrees. There is a few snow falls in winter as temperature is cold enough for snow to come into being. Visitors should have plenty of water and wear appropriate layers of clothing for extreme desert condition.
As this famous park gets it’s name, the arid landscape is famous for the sculpture look trees, spectacular boulders together with rocks and its silence, which has attracted many artist(best known ones maybe Eagles and U2), prospectors, Native Americans and people from other countries. Native Americans once used the Joshua tree’s leaves to make slippers and baskets, and ate its flowers and seeds. Then the Mormon settlers named these trees as Joshua trees. Settlers, ranchers and miners use these tree’s branches and key body for fencing cattle and crowding in this area digging gold. After those trees and lands being much overly used for a long time, luckily Pasadena socialite Minerva Hamilton Hoyt started to suggest protecting this area.
Nowadays, this national park is a playground very popular for people doing camping, rock climbing, hiking, horseback riding, geological sightseeing and star watching. Even though this area has two deserts, it has very convenient roads (with 18-miles trip ) access to reach, many campsites and numerous climbing trails. These short and slim leaves Joshua trees together with clear sky allow visitors to gaze maximum stars. Established National monument in 1936 and achieve National Park status in 1994, this park is one of the latest National Parks and contains few amenities apart from other parks. This situation helps the park with tranquility and less crowds. There is no restaurant or general store, gas station or hotel in this park, if you plan multi nights camping in this park, there are 9 accessible campgrounds in it providing 600 campsites approximately. Flushing toilets and running water only available in two of these campgrounds, Black Rock and Cottonwood. Other campgrounds only have vault toilet. RV camping is available but only Cottonwood has an RV dump station applicable for every RV. Black Rock is the unique campsite provide reservation service. Jumbo Rocks campground is the largest of them, famous for its many rock climbing sites and boulders. Troop camping should go to Sheep Pass Campground. The hiking trails starts with the campsites and spread through the entire park, including short nature sightseeing trails, California Riding and hiking trails.
You can have access to some of the sites by autos, some have to hike. Recommended sites that can complete in a day includes Jumbo Rocks, Barker Dam, Keys View. Joshua Tree National Park is a typical natural area of large variety of wildlife, animals and plants. You may obsess bighorn sheep or cougar and other usual animals you see in other parks. Plants includes Joshua tree, juniper, yucca, and different kinds of cactus.