There are many factors that can be taken into account when you are choosing a campsite. Safety is the most important consideration. You may not be able to determine all the potential dangers or shortcomings of a site at one time. In order to give yourself the best chance and have more alternatives, you should reserve plenty of time before dark to find the appropriate campsite, preferring to spend more time exploring the site. Set the time frame base on sunset and count back from then, things you should do includes set up your tent or shelter, cook your dinner, and set aside an hour to settle down and adapt to the surrounding environment, and more than an hour to explore the campsite. Therefore, if the dark time is at six in the afternoon, then you must begin to consider the camp thing at three in the afternoon, stop your pace at four o'clock and actively looking for suitable campsite.
The following factors should be taken into consideration when selecting camps:
Try to find the direction of the wind so that the doors of your tent can be open toward leeward. Keep an eye on the location of the fire, whose smoke should not blow directly to your tent.
While camping next to the woods, pick up firewood or gather shelter materials, but be aware that dry wood may fall upon your tent and there maybe potential dangerous animals in the woods.
Avoid pitching your tent by the river bank as a campsite. Because the inner side of the terrain is usually relatively low, and the inner bank of the river flow is slow, deposition of silt piles up easily and cause flooding.
The risk of landslides
If you are camping near a mountain, do not choose your campsite on a path where landslides or rock falls may occur. In addition, the snow may also be tilted down from the mountain in spring, causing flooding.
Intake water from upstream of your campsite, and should be upper and more remote from the sites where animal drinks water.
Washing utensils will have to be in the middle of the river, between the upper reaches of the water intake and the downstream of the laundry. Before rinsing with river water, use sand or cloth to wipe away food residue, so as not to pollute the river water or attract animals to come forward. Do not use detergent, as it may accidentally injure the aquatic life.
Pitching your campsite somewhere you can not hear the sound of water, because the sound of water will cover that from animals. Make sure that the door area of your tent is not facing the direction of prevailing winds or the pit area.
Fire smoke can drive insects away from the tent, but the fire should not be too close to the tent, as it may caught tents on fire.
Ideal campsite should have shades of trees, and there should be no risk of dry trees collapsed into the tent; should be close to the water, but having no doubt of being flooded. If there is signs of animals drinking water, campsites should also be far away from these sites. Campsite is more appropriate to build in the valley side, rather than its bottom. Its ground ought to be flat and well drained, but also need to avoid the prevailing wind.