In an emergency, campfires can become life-saving stuffs. If you are cold and wet, and without any usable stoves, shelters or tents and the like, this bonfire can help you struggle against the risk of Hypothermia. In this case: (This article describes the case of emergency use of fire, it is suitable for outdoor troop leader and senior camping enthusiasts. Even so, any conflagration caused by those who take this responsibility will bear severe penalty and even consume his life).
To begin with, you should know the restrictions of camp fire on the campgrounds or national parks before you go camping.
1. Very often, the management office or ranger office of the scenic area or the of the hiking trails area will have some fire requirements, especially in the seasons prone to catch fires that should be paid more attention to. When you are hiking along the trails, you should keep an eye on the signs of fire restrictions and forest fire instructions posted. Note that in some areas, typically in the dry seasons when the fire control will be more stringent. For hikers, you are responsible for understanding these requirements for bonfires.
2. Collect some of the fallen branches and other materials to start your bonfire, preferably get these firewood away from the campsite. Otherwise, after a period of time, the campsite will be surrounded by a very unnatural state of bareness. Do not cut down alive trees or break branches from these trees as well, or even pick up branches from dead trees, because there trees may used by many wildlife.
3. Do not start a bonfire too high too big. A large number of firewood is rarely completely burned, usually leaving the campfire sites such as black charcoal, thus affecting the biological recycling.
4. Start your bonfire on places where there is allowed to ignite the fire, the existing fireplace is an ideal one. Only in case of emergency, you can create a new one. If conditions permit, then the place you start your bonfire should be restored as it was used to be. If the original fireplace exist for a long time, then it should also be cleaned up when you leave.
5. Keep the firewood you have gathered on somewhere away from the fireplace but close at hand. Ideally, the ground materials of the place you use to start the fire should be non-flammable, such as dirt, stones, sand and other materials, (you can find them in the river or nearby it). Continued heat will make the former healthy soil becomes very poor, difficult for plants to survive. So you should pay attention to choose your fire place.
6. If you are living in an emergent situation to save lives, then not caring much about the continued use of soil is still understandable. However, do not damage the natural landscape too much. At this time, firearms and water matches will be useful. You can use some tools, mineralized soil (sand, light-colored barren soil) to make a 15 to 20 cm thickness circular platform as a fireplace. If the surrounding permits, you can build this platform on a flat rock. This is mainly to avoid damage to any soil that suitable for living greens. After you have run out of the bonfire, you can easily turn off the firing platform. Some campers even bring something like a barbecue dish as a moving fire platform.
7. Take away the ashes left. Pick out any charcoal that can be found in the fireplace, crush them and take them away, and spread in a relatively large range. Dismantle any stuffs you have built, do not leave anything like a piece of wood, and try your best to remain the surrounding as it used to be when you leave. This may sound cumbersome, but it is a responsible act to eliminate the long-term effects of wildfire.
Secondly, start a fire and put out a fire:
.When starting a fire, you can use dry branches to set up a small hollow cone, and add some leaves and hay to the middle space surrounded by the branches, and then lit with matches. (remember to bring firearms or water matches, fire starting materials is one of the top considerations.)
when a temperature of the small fire rises, it’s appropriate to increase some larger branches into the fire. Move the burning branches into the center of the fire to let them burn completely. Ideally, you should burn these firewood into lime.
Only those garbage that can be completely burned out into ashes should be burned. Do not attempt to burn plastics, cans, or foil. If you do need to burn some of the garbage that can not be completely burned, you need to pick up all the things left away after burning, or thrown into the vicinity of the garbage collection bins nearby.
Do not leave a unattended fire. If you need to dry your clothing up, you can tie a rope on the tree next to the, and then hang the clothes on the rope.
When putting out of your fire, you needs to pour the water upon the fire if you want to extinguish it quickly, or you can just wait until it burn ti ashes. However, remember to step on all the Mars to ensure that there won’t be any leftovers. Then continue to pour more water in case of any. Do as many times as possible to completely getting rid of flames. And confirm again that your fire is completely putted out.
Usually, bonfire in the wilderness is restricted for most of the time, and sometimes it is very important in an emergency situation. If you want to start a fire in the woods, you have the responsibility to know how to set fire and to maintain the safe utilize of fire, and finally responsible for the safety of extinguishing it to minimize the potential risk. Camping life can be very enjoyable, but at the same time, must also be safe.