When you are ready to spend the night in the wilderness, you can choose tents, sleeping bags, tarpaulins, snow holes or refuge huts. The tent is the most commonly used, because it is easy to set up, waterproof, re-use and can be erected to any location, and wind proof, sun and UV protection, there is enough room for the climbers to place equipment. For the outdoor beginner friends, you should first understand the type of tents, what kind of tent for our current travel routes.
We first come to understand the product, what kind of tent is a good tent？It need to be a combination of space, function, weight, friendly using, beauty. Space: the width of the tent is based on the person's shoulder width of 50 cm or so and release the appropriate proportion.
1) double space: 220cm x 135cm, height of 105 cm or so is considered a reasonable double size standard. This space will bring comfort to everyone, there will be no sense of oppression or very snug. The are other vestibule space between rain fly and inner tent for store your backpacks and other camping supplies.
2) function: function of a tent is generally reflected in the wind, rain and snow conditions, anti-mosquito, ventilation, which is the basic function, with these basic functions, you can feel at ease in the outdoors.
3) on the weight: Generally speaking, the basis of the weight of a double size tent is about 2 kg, single size tent is about 1.5 kg. This weight should have been in the acceptable range, of course, under the premise of ensuring the function and pursuing more and more lightweight trend. But in order to reflect the very light weight, some products with a caliber of about 7.5mm rod and thin fabrics such as using fabrics whose specifications is under 15D, etc. While reducing the weight of the foundation, these tents also undermine the wind proof and Grinding resistance performance. Personally speaking, it is not desirable. The over pursuit of lightweight has also lost the comfort and space. There are some non-self-contained products, which is also known as free standing, but the general primary outdoor friends is difficult to use them in the wilderness. For example, some products are non-closed single-layer shelters (such as a single layer of A tower, these products are mainly used to cover the rain and against the ultraviolet light temporarily. There are many mosquitoes in the outdoor, such a single-layer structure is difficult to prevent the elements and bugs in the outdoors for the beginners. So do not recommend the primary mountain friends use for camping.
4) the humanization of the tent: what is the design of human nature? Or customer friendly? It is to take full account of the natural elements customers may encounter into when people use the tent. Such as: rain fly should have doors that can access conveniently even in the rainy season. And zipper position should be within reach of the door. It should have a vestibule that can expand and this space should have enough room for the auxiliary equipment. Vents should be opposite design as far as possible, so that air convection is sufficient. The cold air will breathe and heat up the body to heat up so that these hot air will evaporate smoothly, reduce the condensate and reduce the frosting phenomenon. But also improve some small details, such as storage bags, lights hanging hooks and so on ... the best design should be the top of the prominent points, which will be conducive to the smooth watershed of the top, sewing points of the rain fly should be fasten to the skeleton. This can be a good embodiment of a tent plate state.
The type of tent
Mainly functional in the windproof, and its windproof mainly rely on the bracket , the tent structure use multi-pole cross-structure majorly. The formation of rod and rod auxiliary force to achieve the best resistance to wind. Of course, the drawbacks of this kind of structure is much bulky than normal ones. So this kind of equipment is very limitedly targeted, generally for professional adventurers. There is another main feature that alpine tent has is thermal, and the warm-type inner tent of the fabric is scraped with a layer of resin pulp so fabric is thermal and with better permeability to make it breathable and reduce ventilation in cold weather.
Four seasons tents
Four seasons tents, the designed for those consumer who are extremely enthusiastic about camping. Compared with the alpine tent, it may not have a strong resistance to wind, but there is a good ventilation function. Relatively lightweight to the multi cross pole designed mountain tents. Taking into account the spring and summer autumn and winter, the general type of products are double layered large door, the first layer use mesh for three quarters of ventilation, a layer of breathable cloth for winter warm, this structure is the biggest characteristic of the four seasons tents.
Three seasons tents
Designed for the spring, summer and autumn, it is the prevailing product of the global tent market, because the three seasons tent has covered the major camping seasons of ordinary consumers, and one of the richest of the major brand products. In the warm regions, a good three-season tent can even keep up to a year of basic camping needs of a basic mountain friend. This function is mainly for the ventilation innovations. Among the warm regions, especially at night camping, the body itself will release a lot of heat and breathing air, and in the rainy weather atmospheric pressure is very low. These warm and wet air release through human breath encountered the relatively cool outside rain fly, and because of the temperature difference, it will turn out to be the formation of condensate attached to the inner surface of the rain fly. So it’s very important to allow enough air flow of the space between inner tent and rain fly. The general waterproof fabric index of the three seasons tent the is between 1500mm ~ 2000mm, the fabric for the general waterproof is more than enough. The current market in Europe and the United States now going to save costs as much as possible, the inner tent of the three seasons tents are increasingly designed into whole mesh structure. Outside the rain fly even equips no ventilation, but extend the space between rain fly and the inner tent fully isolated to increase ventilation.
At present, in Europe and the United States, Japan and South Korea, this kind of self-propelled tents are very popular. The tent space is large, the design is generally consist of the main hall and bedroom, is a good family gathering equipment.
Steeple tent space is limited, but they come up with mych fun. Such as the pyramid structure, the appearance of comparison is very attractive. The user requires certain technical set up, he also through the auxiliary wind rope to enhance its resistance to wind. But because he has a certain streamline design, it will be of much windproof performance if the basic structure is set in balance, he can be more wind resistance than some cross-pole tents better.
In fact, the tunnel tent is the most respected in European region, we will be obsessed with it after we have mastered its construction skills, because it has perfect space, excellent resistance to wind, large vestibule. There are two kinds of this tent, one kind cover the rain fly to the inner tent and the other kind connect the inner tent to the rain fly with toggles. Among the two structures, especially the later hanging inside allows you to quickly set up in harsh environments, and to avoid the rain embarrassment through the erecting process. HERRABAGE, this Swedish brand from Scandinavia is the classic interpreter of this tent. The brand product update is not very prominent, but the style is very strict and harsh, their pursuit of the details of many brands can not do, their double-sided coated silicon fabric and even reached more than ten kilograms of resistance. Ordinary double silicon only up to 8 kg or so. The way the support and erect the tunnel tent is actually very simple. Choosing soft ground, nail the tent pegs and pull the guy ropes on bevel angle symmetrical four corners, and then fixed the rest of the fixed point. In the hard ground when you can not nail the tent stakes, you can also use stones, sandbags to fix the guy rope and rect the tunnel tent etc. to fix.
About the structure of the tent
Dome (DOME), steeple (A tower) tunnel (TUNNEL) frog type. Dome tent, we generally call the free standing tents, is most commonly set up with cross poles. This tent is easy set up, good space, is the ideal choice for primary mountain friends, such tents may not be pretty windproof, because his wind is equal, the separate pole does not have a good support point, can only rely on the wind rope and fabric tension to balance.
What to buy notes
Optional tents are used for their own purposes, such as summer, non-snow, snow or four seasons, the number of people to accommodate, the space you want to have, the weight of the tent, the price you can accept. The manufacturer offers a number of different sizes, weights and combinations of designs that can be selected as needed.
Whether the use of tents is a single layer or a double layer, you must understand the waterproof and breathability of the bill. If completely waterproof, moisture will gather under the internal tent ground to form a small puddle. The moisture is from the breath of the users.
Cheap monolayer tents can only be used at the lower limit of the forest, and must be quite ventilated because the single tents are completely waterproof. So it is best to choose double layer ones.
Different tents designed to have different degrees of support, the purchase should be considered their own purposes, especially is more important for the snow period.
Light tents should be spacious enough to be able to cope with some special needs.
General two accounts are the most commonly used tents, because they are protable, easy to find campsite, and can accommodate three people or for single use.
Tent color is wise to choose warm colors such as yellow, orange or red. When you are trapped, conspicuous color will be easily found for beginners or adventurers.
PS: Best to avoid cooking in the inner tent, especially the use of gasoline stoves. This furnace has a pungent odor, easy to overflow fuel oil, and fire can not control, this is a latent crisis. And in alpine conditions, there is no enough oxygen to let the gas fully burnt, and the carbon monoxide will release to the inner tent and gather and stuck there, these kind of carbon monoxide is fatal when being breathing in too much. Is better to cook in the vestibule area and keep the door of the inner tent shut in cold environments. Especially in the waterproof nylon tents to cook a kind of suffocating feeling, cooking will also cause the account to gather many small water droplets, if you really need to cook in the tent, the best in the well-ventilated between the internal and external rainfly.