Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles over rough terrain, off-road, using special mountain bikes with unique features to enhance durability and performance in rough terrain. Compared to road bikes for the city, they have the following characteristics: fatter tires with rugged tread to enhance stability and durability on off-road terrain. More upright cycling position that lets you enjoy the view. Some mountains bikes with suspension systems that absorb shock for a more comfortable ride.
Mountain bikes are a fun way to exercise and great connection with nature. There are largely several kinds of mountain biking categories: cross country riding, trail riding, all mountain / "Enduro", downhill, free ride and dirt jumping ride, among which trail and cross country riding are the most popular styles. Mountain bikers ride on off-road trails such as single track, back-country routes as well as fire roads. Because riders are often far from community, there is a strong ethic of self-reliance in mountain biking.
Mountain biking requires endurance, core strength, bike balancing and handling skills, and most importantly, self-reliance. Advanced riders would like to challenge both steep technical descents and high incline climbs. In the case of free riding, riding down hill, dirt jumping, and aerial manoeuvres are performed off not only natural features but also specially constructed jumps and ramps.
Glasses not being much different from those used in other cycling sports, help protect your eyes against debris while on the trail. Filtered lenses, whether yellow for cloudy days or shaded for sunny days, protect the eyes from strain. Downhill and free ride mountain bikers often use goggles similar to motocross or snowboard goggles in unison with their full face helmets or other kinds of protection.
Shoes generally have gripping soles similar to those of hiking boots for scrambling over high obstacles, different from the smooth-bottomed shoes used in road cycling. Usually, the shank of mountain bike shoes is more flexible than road cycling shoes. Shoes compatible with clipless pedal systems are also widely used.
Clothing is chosen for comfort during physical exertion in the backcountry and in the wilderness, and its ability to withstand falls and protected you from that. Road touring clothes are often inappropriate because of their delicate fabrics and construction. Depending on what type of mountain biking you are taking requires different kinds of clothing. So, you need to have the clothing for the biking type that you usually do. Cross-country mountain bikers tend to wear lycra shorts and tight road style jerseys bacause of the need for comfort and efficiency. Downhill riders tend to wear heavier fabric baggy shorts or moto-cross style trousers in order to protect themselves from falls and jumps. All mountain/enduro riders tend to wear light fabric baggy shorts and jerseys as they can be in the saddle and stay there for long periods of time.
Hydration systems are important for mountain bikers in the backcountry area, ranging from simple water bottles to water bags with drinking tubes in lightweight backpacks and water filter is suggested.
GPS systems are sometimes added to the handlebars and are used to monitor progress on trails so you won't get lost in the trails you do not familiar with.
Pump to inflate tires.
Bike tools and extra bike tubes are significant, as mountain bikers frequently find themselves miles from help, with flat tires or other mechanical problems that must be handled by the rider, so repair kit for bike tubes is also suggested.
High power lights LED lights for mountain biking at night.
Helmet essential for head protection.
Gloves can offer increased comfort while riding on the hard terrain, by alleviating compression and friction to help save extra strength to hold handles, and can protect against superficial hand injuries when falling down to protect palm and fingers as well as knuckles.
First aid kit is always an outdoor essential.
Kneecap is suggested for extra protection
Risk & Tips
Injuries can be at risk for mountain biking, especially downhill biking. Injuries range from minor wounds like cuts and abrasions from falls on gravel or other surfaces, to major injuries as broken bones or twisted ankle, head or spinal injuries resulting from impacts with hard stuff like rocks, trees or the terrain being ridden on.
Protective equipment, helmets, gloves, mountain biking clothing can protect against minor injuries and reduce the extent or seriousness of major impacts, but may not protect a rider from major impacts or accidents like broken bones. So riders should choose the appropriate trail within their experience level and do not ride in fatigued situations as their maybe higher risks of injuries as you are tired and do not have much strength to ride over steep slops and over obstacles.
If a mountain biker wishes to explore more dangerous trails, disciplines, routes, such as downhill riding, they must learn new skills, such as jumping skills and avoiding obstacles.
One important rule is to keep it simple. Riding a single speed 29er is based around mountain momentum. It's important to identify obstacles like roots and hit them as perpendicular as possible. If you can't bunny-hop them, you need to unweight so you don't pinch flat against the rim. It's also important to keep pedals horizontal to avoid striking one against rocks or roots. Riders can just pummel over stuff with no real race.
And if you want to try single speed mountain biking, look for trails that have smooth transitions and a lot of flow but aren't technical so you can handle easier. You want to be able to capitalize on whatever speed you gain and carry that momentum over obstacles and through turns in skillful actions.
The handling is more like surfing than biking: you use your whole body to lean in and out.
The tires act like suspension, so fitness riders-the ones who can glide over things instead of relying on sheer power-can get away with lower tier pressure around 10 psi or down to 60 in soft snow conditions. Being a heavy/hard rider, riders would like to keep up to 15 psi, which is relatively high but will keep them from pinch-flatting.
In deep snow situations, focus on keeping your body weight off the front tier so it doesn't dig in our wash out. More weight laying on the rear helps with traction.
Many of the mountain biking trails take several days to complete, so mountain riders will usually bring a camping tent or a tarp shelter for the night stay or for a rest. In such circumstances, a lightweight, quality backpacking tent to block out the natural elements for a comfortable rest or sleep at night is really critical. And compared with the expensive mountain bike and biking accessories, this backpacking tent should not break your bank also. And now, the geertop toproad2 4 season 2 men tent is here to help. It's 4 season 2 men tent being able to shield heavy snow and rain with 2 vestibule area to store gears and biking shoes, aluminum poles to make it strong and lightweight, whole tent weighs 5.7 lbs / 2.59 kg, inner tent can be used only to help cut backpack weight and against bugs in the backcountry. This tent is super cost effective as 96$