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7 Ways to Hike on Different Grounds

December 27, 2017

In outdoor journeys, hiking is surely one of the top priorities. You may confront a variety of natural environment through your hikes.


If you can develop the walking skill for different road surface, hence you will be able to save more energy. More importantly, to avoid unnecessary damage to the body. Today, we come to recommend by category for what these seven kinds of common pavement are go with the hiking skills.

1. Rock Surface


- Pavement Characteristics
This kind of pavement mainly appears in stony cliffs, steep cliffs or stone faults. The bedrock of the mountain is exposed, or formed by a whole stone surface, or formed by a plurality of stone surfaces, and also paved slate pavement. Due to the smooth surface and the spreading moss, it is easy to cause slippery, hikers may encounter an accident easily when it's covered snow and ice, ranging from falling or wrestling, wrist ankles, may even break your bones seriously with fracture.


- Hiking Tips
After the rain, in addition to wearing anti-slip shoes on the mountain, hikers should also go with relax moods. The center of gravity should not be leaned forward too much, the direction of gravity should be perpendicular to the slate on the ground, try to use trekking poles. The center gravity of the backpack should be at the bottom of itself. Hands holding on the rock or trees as you hike through these pavements. Trekking poles are in need when going down the mountain. Try to step on the gap between the slate, or vegetation on the side of the trail. Leave a little distance between the other hikers to avoid being affected by a sudden fall or bumping.


After snow, it is best to use four teeth crampons if professional equipment is available. Without professional equipment? Hikers are recommended to step on the roadside roots or vegetation, the trekking poles are essential, of course, trekking poles can also be replaced with branches, sticks with suitable length and diameter, and weight as well.


2. Stony Wild Path


- Pavement Characteristics
This kind of path means there is no obvious way to hike. The so-called "road" is mainly formed by long-term rains and flash floods in valleys. Or there is a path but the surrounding area is agricultural land. Farmers will sort out and throw the stones in the fields during their cultivation, accumulating them on the pavement. In the long run, a road will become a rocky or stony in different sizes. Hiking on this road requires more strength and adjustment of the body to keep balance and go forward through spinning, brook, boulder staggered.


- Hiking Tips
Overcome the fear of hiking through trails of stones is of most importance, which requires attention and focusing. During rainy season, be careful about flash floods caused by heavy rain. Prepare a pair of thicker hiking boots, check whether the shoelace is loose before jumping over the stones, then tighten the backpack and belt to keep the backpack is lain on the back closely so that the backpack will not shake when jumping and the center of gravity is unstable, which may lead to missteps. When walking in the stone pavement, the eyes should pay attention to observe the situation ahead, accurately determine the next foothold, pay attention to observe some of the stones with foothold marks left by long-term steps. In addition, be sure to clean the sole, if the soles comes sticky sand r mud, you must be careful of your knees and incisors.


 3. Soil Pavement


- Pavement Characteristics
This kind of pavement is the most common one, and the main reason for formation of this kind of ground is from the weathering of the stone and the  ground without vegetation formed by people's long term stampede. Maybe you think this is the easiest way to go, and there is not any stuff to be careful! That is very wrong. When the rainy season happen, this kind of road is the legendary muddy road, people will be very easy to fall when they hike through these trail and come up with the risk of hurting the knees.


- Hiking Tips
After heavy rain and sun exposure, the surface of the dirt road has been dried, but in fact the lower layer of the soil ground has absorbed enough of the water, going up and down the mountain at this time is very prone to cause danger, soles must be able to grasp the ground, to make full use of trekking poles as extra holding point, so as not to step deep into the mud inadvertently. In addition, the temperature differ much between day and night during spring and autumn, he dirt road is very easy to become icy road after rain and snow, the danger coefficient is relatively high then. In this case,  trekking poles and things along the trail can be much helpful, pay attention when you are holding the objects to support your body, it is important to ensure that the stuff is strong and fixed.


 4. Bush Pavement


- Pavement Characteristics
There are many kinds of shrubs, which can be roughly divided into natural shrubs and artificial shrubs. Natural shrubs are mainly distributed in the dense jungle, shrub species are relatively more low, the grounds are general wet and slippery with soft soil, there may be swamps, which will be more dangerous; Artificial afforestation shrubs mainly distributed in the dry foothills, they are planted manually to be wind-proof and hold soil, there is dry soil generally, containing more sand, seemingly hard ground, in fact, it just slip as you step onto it.


- Hiking Tips
Wear glasses, hats, pull up the zipper on the jacket jacket, team members maintain a distance of 1.5 meters with each other to prevent falling back branches pushed by previous fellows to flip back and hurt others. Remind the teammates behind to keep up and not to get lost as they need to keep relative distance from each other. It's better to have auxiliary equipment and experienced team leader or local guide pathfinder to take the lead first when hiking through the natural bush area, pay attention to shrubs with more sting, mosquitoes are very likely to visit, it is recommended to wear boots with high-rim anti-slip soles, lines and darker jungle thick boots, wear long sleeves, trousers, pay attention to the protection of the face. Plantation shrubs are thicker and prickly than natural shrubs, it is advisable to wear gloves (preferably leather), long-sleeved, high-necked cut-resistant undergarments and hiking shoes that are slip-resistant and grip-resistant, and try to walk on these shrubs where soil is not slippery, wide trail, it is best to support the body weight by grabbing fresh branches that are strong enough and will not stretch or move a lot,  change firm hand sticks, settled down steps slowly.


5. Snow Pavement


- Pavement Characteristics
Snow covered roads make it impossible to judge the topography and road conditions, which can be complicated. Snow will cause slippery, resistance, walking inconvenience.


- Hiking Tips
When walking on snow or walking on the snow-covered ground for long periods of time, it is of the utmost importance that the stride should be smaller and at a constant pace, rhythmically at your own pace, hike your own hike. Step toward placed with hard snow. When hiking in the soft snow for a long time, take a big stride to shorten the time for hiking in the snow. Put the foot back a little before lift the foot and stride forward. Feet backward will make the snow shoes spare room for activity, stepping forward can also play a role in blowing attached snow.


If the snow only buried to the extent of the shoes, it hardly affect the pace, which can be as easy as walking, (when the snow bury over the knee, only a lift of the leg is very physical exertion, let alone tired and exhausted). 2. If the snow depth approach to the waist, you have to use your own feet and waist to push away the snow in front of you before you take each step forward to minimize fatigue. The key to snow removal is, use your own body weight (especially the upper body) to lean forward and push the snow apart and  move forward. 3. If the number of people hiking in the snow below the knee, the footsteps of the team leader can be widen and solid, so the followers won't be trapped by the snows and feeling of fatigue will be decrease. Hiking in soft or snow-covered trails, wearing snow shoes will be easier.


More attention should be paid to walking on snow slopes. Due to the steep slopes, snow slopes are more difficult to hike. In addition, the snow covers the ground and we are not able to predict cracks easily, but we should also pay more attention to avoid stepping on them. The snows are likely to be deep at the bottom of a snow slope, hikers should go through these sites in group(2-3 persons in a team). Pass through places with less visible snow cracks.


When passing through the snow bridge, explore the actual situation of the snow bridge before you step onto i. If the snow is soft and you must pass through that bridge, it's better to crawl through there. Step forward, use  forefoot to step the snow firmly before stepping the next step and then move the support foot. If you slip accidentally, prone down to prevent the decline.Go hot, do not quench their thirst with ice and snow, swallow ice slipping lower.


Do not intake snow or ice directly when you hike a lot and get rather hot and thirsty, it's very easy to get laryngitis. In fact, thirsty calendar may be severe, you can melt snow gargle with your gas stove, try not swallow too much water into the belly, water will increase the burden on the human circulatory organ, and affect physical strength.


6. Mountainous Pavement


- Pavement Characteristics
Mountains are often composed of undulating hills or gully mountains, with creek, cliffs or forest. Pavement is often more complex, may come up with  a combination of stone road, dirt road, stone, shrubs, etc. And it need to use comprehensive application of a variety of hiking skills.


- Hiking Tips
In the mountainous areas, in order to avoid getting lost, conserving physical strength and speeding up by selecting trails instead of bushes, even ways instead of wavy hills. If there is no hiking trail, you can choose to hike in the vertical ridge, ridge, mountainside, river stream edge, as well as the please where trees are high, woods are thinning with large voids, low grassland. Generally do not go through deep furrows and thick canyons, get away from rattan and bamboo troops, and strive to take the beam instead of the ditch, go vertically and not horizontally.


Step up with large leap, so as the case in the mountains. If you step up for tens of kilometers down, you can step less and cover more mileages, which will save a lot of physical strength. When felling tired, slow down to relax, and do not stop, you can walk slowly for tens of meters in a minute.


It's quite often to encounter a variety of rock slopes and steep walls when you are hiking in the mountain. Therefore, rocks climbing is one of the prior skills of mountaineering. Before climbing the rock, it should be carefully observed, carefully identifying the quality and weathering of the rock, and then determining where to go and decide the path. The most basic method of climbing a rock is the "three-point fixing" method, which requires the climber's excellent cooperation of hie/her hands and feet. With one hand or two hands fixed, then move the other point, so that the body gradually increase the center of gravity. When using this method, it is necessary to prevent from jumping up and down and avoiding two simultaneous movements of feet or hands, and the movement must be stable, light and fast. Choose the most appropriate distance and the most stable fulcrum according to your situation. Do not grasp, pedal points too far from you.


Do not overestimate your physical strength and know your ability. When you feel fatigue, rest promptly through slow down your pace. Do not rest till you are exhausted, it is not easy to recover physical strength.The correct way is to take a long walk, and then relax slowly for a while, or stop to rest for a while, adjust breathing. When standing as your rest, do not remove the backpack, you can support a stick under the backpack to reduce the weight upon your body. If the weather is cold, do not sit on the stone to rest, the stones will quickly absorb heat from the body.


 7. Passing Rivers


- Pavement Characteristics
Crossing river is a possible problem for outdoor hiking. Usually we can rely on the map to determine whether there is a large river crossing the area that you need to go accross. However, in the complex terrain, especially in the area with large elevation difference and strongly cut by a valley, Small streams often become obstacles to hike accross. During the heavy rainy season, small streams and valleys may become floodwaters. Therefore, we should choose an appropriate spot when crossing the river.


- Hiking Tips
The best way is to look for bridges or ask the locals about the bridge location and be prepared to walk across the river on foot as your last choice. When crossing the river, the first priority is to look closely at the flow of water. If the water flow is slow, choose shallow site to get into the river and pass through, and pick nice place to ashore. The river is usually deep and the water is plentiful above or beside the waterfall, and these sites are very dangerous. Upstream site of the river is relatively narrow , wading across the river may be feasible - but try to use the trekking poles or branches to test the depth of the water in the river. There may be settled rocks in the river, but it's artificially placed there to help the previous people themselves across the river. River Triangle Bay is usually choppy, the river is very wide, and some rivers may even be affected by the tides, do not cross the river at these places. Unless there is a raft or a floating boat, or we should go upstream looking for suitable river crossing site. 







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